Send to

Choose Destination
J Hepatol. 2004 Sep;41(3):427-35.

Transarterial chemo-lipiodolization can reactivate hepatitis B virus replication in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

Author information

Division of Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, WHO collaborating Center on Viral Hepatitis, Catholic University of Korea, #505 Banpodong, Seocho-ku, 137-040 Seoul, South Korea.



Reactivation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication is a well-known complication in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. The aims of this study were to determine the incidence of HBV reactivation in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients undergoing transarterial chemo-lipiodolization, and to clarify factors contributing to HBV reactivation.


From April 2001 to September 2002, 146 HBsAg positive patients newly diagnosed as HCC were enrolled in the study. Among these, 83 patients underwent transarterial chemo-lipiodolization using epirubicin and/or cisplatin, and 63 received other treatments.


In total, HBV reactivation occurred in 30 (20.5%) patients (28 with chemo-lipiodolization and 2 with other treatments), and of the 30 patients, 19 (13.0%) (18 with chemo-lipiodolization and 1 with other treatments) developed hepatitis. Chemo-lipiodolization was significantly correlated with a higher incidence of hepatitis attributed to HBV reactivation than other treatments (21.7% vs. 1.6%, P<0.001), irrespective of HBeAg or HBV DNA. Among 83 patients undergoing chemo-lipiodolization, HBV reactivation occurred in 28 (33.7%) patients, and HBeAg seropositivity was the only independent predictor of HBV reactivation (P=0.013). Three (10.7%) of them died of hepatic decompensation resulting from HBV reactivation.


Transarterial chemo-lipiodolization can reactivate HBV, and HBeAg-positive HCC patients receiving chemo-lipiodolization should be closely monitored for HBV reactivation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center