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Chronobiol Int. 2004 Mar;21(2):277-96.

Administration-time-dependent effects of doxazosin GITS on ambulatory blood pressure of hypertensive subjects.

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1
Bioengineering & Chronobiology Laboratories, University of Vigo, Campus Universitario, Vigo, Spain. rhermida@tsc.uvigo.es

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that a single nighttime dose of standard doxazosin, an alpha-adrenergic antagonist, reduces blood pressure (BP) throughout the 24 h. We investigated the administration-time-dependent effects of the new doxazosin gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) formulation. We studied 91 subjects (49 men and 42 women), 56.7+/-11.2 (mean+/-SD) yrs of age with grade 1-2 essential hypertension; 39 patients had been previously untreated, and the remaining 52 had been treated with two antihypertensive medications with inadequate control of their hypertension. The subjects of the two groups, the monotherapy and polytherapy groups, respectively, were randomly assigned to receive the single daily dose of doxazosin GITS (4 mg/day) either upon awakening or at bedtime. BP was measured by ambulatory monitoring every 20 min during the day and every 30 min at night for 48 consecutive hours just before and after 3 months of treatment. After 3 months of doxazosin GITS therapy upon awakening, there was a small and nonstatistically significant reduction in BP (1.8 and 3.2mm Hg in the 24 h mean of systolic and diastolic BP in monotherapy; 2.2 and 1.9mm Hg in polytherapy), mainly because of absence of any effect on nocturnal BP. The 24 h mean BP reduction was larger and statistically significant (6.9 and 5.9 mm for systolic and diastolic BP, respectively, in monotherapy; 5.3 and 4.5 mm Hg in polytherapy) when doxazosin GITS was scheduled at bedtime. This BP-lowering effect was similar during both the day and nighttime hours. Doxazosin GITS ingested daily on awakening failed to provide full 24h therapeutic coverage. Bedtime dosing with doxazosin GITS, however, significantly reduced BP throughout the 24h both when used as a monotherapy and when used in combination with other antihypertensive pharmacotherapy. Knowledge of the chronopharmacology of doxazosin GITS is key to optimizing the efficiency of its BP-lowering effect, and this must be taken into consideration when prescribing this medication to patients.

PMID:
15332347
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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