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J Cell Sci. 2004 Sep 15;117(Pt 20):4739-48. Epub 2004 Aug 25.

Cdk5 and Trio modulate endocrine cell exocytosis.

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  • 1Department of Neuroscience, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06030, USA.


Hormone secretion by pituitary cells is decreased by roscovitine, an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5). Roscovitine treatment reorganizes cortical actin and ultrastructural analysis demonstrates that roscovitine limits the ability of secretory granules to approach the plasma membrane or one another. Trio, a multifunctional RhoGEF expressed in pituitary cells, interacts with peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase, a secretory granule membrane protein known to affect the actin cytoskeleton. Roscovitine inhibits the ability of Trio to activate Rac, and peptides corresponding to the Cdk5 consensus sites in Trio are phosphorylated by Cdk5. Together, these data suggest that control of the cortical actin cytoskeleton, long known to modulate hormone exocytosis and subsequent endocytosis, involves Cdk5-mediated activation of Trio.

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