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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005 Jan;288(1):H194-204. Epub 2004 Aug 26.

Flow-conditioned HUVECs support clustered leukocyte adhesion by coexpressing ICAM-1 and E-selectin.

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1
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 110 8th St., Troy, NY 12180, USA.

Abstract

Endothelial sequestration of circulating monocytes is a key event in early atherosclerosis. Hemodynamics is proposed to regulate monocyte-endothelial cell interactions by direct cell activation and establishment of flow environments that are conducive or prohibitive to cell-cell interaction. We investigated fluid shear regulation of monocyte-endothelial cell adhesion in vitro using a disturbed laminar shear system that models in vivo hemodynamics characteristic of lesion-prone vascular regions. Human endothelial cell monolayers were flow conditioned for 6 h before evaluation of monocyte adhesion under static and dynamic flow conditions. Results revealed a distinctive clustered cell pattern of monocyte adhesion that strongly resembles in vivo leukocyte adhesion in early- and late-stage atherosclerosis. Clustered monocyte cell adhesion correlated with endothelial cells coexpressing intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and E-selectin as result of a flow-induced, selective upregulation of E-selectin expression in a subset of ICAM-1-expressing cells. Clustered monocyte cell adhesion assayed under static conditions exhibited a spatial variation in size and frequency of occurrence, which demonstrates differential regulation of endothelial cell adhesiveness by the local flow environment. Dynamic adhesion studies conducted with circulating monocytes resulted in clustered cell adhesion only within the disturbed flow region, where the monocyte rate of motion is sufficiently low for cell-cell interaction. These studies provide evidence and reveal mechanisms of local hemodynamic regulation of endothelial adhesiveness and endothelial monocyte interaction that lead to localized monocyte adhesion and potentially contribute to the focal origin of arterial diseases such as atherosclerosis.

PMID:
15331359
DOI:
10.1152/ajpheart.01078.2003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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