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Cyberpsychol Behav. 2004 Aug;7(4):379-83.

Internet dependence in the collegiate population: the role of shyness.

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Department of Psychology, St Bonaventure University, NY 14778, USA.

Erratum in

  • Cyberpsychol Behav. 2005 Oct;8(5):512. Weinman, Michael [added]; Kozak, Kelly [added].


Low sensation seeking and loneliness have been associated with collegiate Internet dependence. In an attempt to further explicate the factors associated with collegiate Internet dependence, interpersonal shyness (both online and in face-to-face [FTF] interactions) was explored. An online questionnaire was used to assess Internet dependency and shyness. The results demonstrated the predicted interaction such that shyness level for nondependents did not differ online or in FTF interactions. However, dependents' shyness was greater in FTF interactions relative to online interpersonal exchanges. The results were discussed in terms of how various Internet resources (e.g., e-mail, chat rooms, and instant messages) can be used to ameliorate shyness and how such negatively reinforced behavior could foster dependence.

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