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Phys Rev Lett. 2004 Jul 16;93(3):036402. Epub 2004 Jul 12.

Electron-phonon coupling and a polaron in the t-J model: from the weak to the strong coupling regime.

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1
CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), AIST, 1-1-1, Higashi, Tsukuba 305-8562, Japan.

Abstract

We present numeric results for ground state and angle resolved photoemission spectra (ARPES) for a single hole in the t-J model coupled to optical phonons. The systematic-error-free diagrammatic Monte Carlo method is employed where the Feynman graphs for the Matsubara Green function in imaginary time are summed up completely with respect to phonon variables, while magnetic variables are subjected to the noncrossing approximation. We obtain that at electron-phonon coupling constants relevant for high T(c) cuprates the polaron undergoes a self-trapping crossover to the strong-coupling limit and theoretical ARPES demonstrate features observed in experiment: A broad peak in the bottom of the spectra has momentum dependence which coincides with that of a hole in the pure t-J model.

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