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Phys Rev Lett. 2004 Jul 30;93(5):053601. Epub 2004 Jul 26.

Measuring entangled qutrits and their use for quantum bit commitment.

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1
Department of Physics, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia.

Abstract

We produce and holographically measure entangled qudits encoded in transverse spatial modes of single photons. With the novel use of a quantum state tomography method that only requires two-state superpositions, we achieve the most complete characterization of entangled qutrits to date. Ideally, entangled qutrits provide better security than qubits in quantum bit commitment: we model the sensitivity of this to mixture and show experimentally and theoretically that qutrits with even a small amount of decoherence cannot offer increased security over qubits.

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