Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Photochem Photobiol. 2005 Jan-Feb;81(1):32-7.

Protective effect of the isoflavonoid equol against hairless mouse skin carcinogenesis induced by UV radiation alone or with a chemical cocarcinogen.

Author information

1
Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.

Abstract

Isoflavones derived from many edible plants, such as genistein from the soybean, have well-documented antioxidant and estrogenic activity but may also be anticarcinogenic. In this study, we examined the potential of the isoflavone equol [(S)-4',7-dihydroxyisoflavane] to protect from skin carcinogenesis in the hairless mouse. Daily topical applications of equol lotions significantly protected against skin carcinogenesis induced by chronic exposure to solar-simulated UV radiation (SSUV) or by topical treatment with the chemical carcinogen 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) or by the combined cocarcinogenic treatment of DMBA followed by chronic SSUV. Monitoring of tumor development for 40 weeks showed significantly delayed tumor appearance and reduced tumor multiplicity in all equol-treated groups. In mice treated with either SSUV or DMBA + SSUV, equol significantly reduced the proportion of tumors progressing from benign papillomas to malignant squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) by 33-58% and reduced the average diameter of SCC by 71-82%. In a short-term study, equol dose dependently inhibited the SSUV induction of the tumor promotion biomarker enzyme, ornithine decarboxylase, in the skin, suggesting the anticarcinogenic activity of equol may be attributed to its inhibition of the tumor promotion phase of carcinogenesis.

PMID:
15323582
DOI:
10.1562/2004-06-02-RA-183
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center