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J Immunol. 2004 Sep 1;173(5):3230-42.

The complete map of the Ig heavy chain constant gene region reveals evidence for seven IgG isotypes and for IgD in the horse.

Author information

1
Baker Institute for Animal Health, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.

Abstract

This report contains the first map of the complete Ig H chain constant (IGHC) gene region of the horse (Equus caballus), represented by 34 overlapping clones from a new bacterial artificial chromosome library. The different bacterial artificial chromosome inserts containing IGHC genes were identified and arranged by hybridization using overgo probes specific for individual equine IGHC genes. The analysis of these IGHC clones identified two previously undetected IGHC genes of the horse. The newly found IGHG7 gene, which has a high homology to the equine IGHG4 gene, is located between the IGHG3 and IGHG4 genes. The high degree of conservation shared between the nucleotide sequences of the IGHG7 and IGHG4 genes is unusual for the IGHG genes of the horse and suggests that these two genes duplicated most recently during evolution of the equine IGHG genes. Second, we present the genomic nucleotide sequence of the equine IGHD gene, which is located downstream of the IGHM gene. Both the IGHG7 and IGHD genes were found to be expressed at the mRNA level. The order of the 11 IGHC genes in the IGH-locus of the horse was determined to be 5'-M-D-G1-G2-G3-G7-G4-G6-G5-E-A-3', confirming previous studies using lambda phage clones, with the exception that the IGHG5 gene was found to be the most downstream-located IGHG gene. Fluorescence in situ hybridization was used to localize the IGHC region to Equus caballus (ECA) 24qter, the horse chromosome corresponding to human chromosome 14, where the human IGH locus is found.

PMID:
15322185
DOI:
10.4049/jimmunol.173.5.3230
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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