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Eur J Immunol. 1992 Mar;22(3):661-8.

Interaction of CD4:lck with the T cell receptor/CD3 complex induces early signaling events in the absence of CD45 tyrosine phosphatase.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle 98195.


Antibody-mediated ligation of the CD3/T cell antigen receptor (TcR) activates phospholipase C (PLC) via a tyrosine kinase signaling pathway that requires expression of the transmembrane tyrosine phosphatase CD45. In normal T cells, CD3-mediated PLC activation is significantly augmented by co-ligation of CD3 with the CD4 co-receptor; however, unlike CD3-associated tyrosine kinases, antibody-induced activation of the CD4-associated tyrosine kinase p56lck does not require CD45 expression. To explore the role of CD45 in the CD3 and CD4 activation pathways further, we examined the effect of CD3/CD4 cross-linking on tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of phospholipase C in CD45- mutant cells of the T cell leukemia line HPB.ALL. In accord with previous observations, anti-CD3 stimulation of the CD45-deficient cells failed to activate tyrosine kinases, or PLC as measured by mobilization of intracellular calcium. However, we show here that ligation of CD3 with CD4 leads to tyrosine phosphorylation of PLC gamma 1 and elevation in the intracellular free Ca2+ concentration in CD45- cells that is in excess of that seen in CD45+ cells. Since CD4 stimulation alone did not activate PLC, a component of the CD3 signaling pathway must be independent of CD45. Anti-CD4-induced tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of CD4-associated lck was also enhanced in CD45- cells, suggesting that increased lck activation compensates for the defect in CD3/TcR signaling, such that interaction of the CD3 signaling pathway with the CD4-associated pathway activates PLC even in the absence of CD45. The data demonstrate that the requirement for CD45 in coupling CD3/TcR to the PI-PLC activation cascade is not absolute, but rather substantiates a role for CD45 in modifying molecular interactions that control T cell activation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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