Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem J. 2004 Dec 15;384(Pt 3):629-36.

Inhibition of mitochondrial respiration by nitric oxide rapidly stimulates cytoprotective GLUT3-mediated glucose uptake through 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase.

Author information

1
Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular, Universidad de Salamanca, Campus Miguel de Unamuno, 37007 Salamanca, Spain.

Abstract

Recently, we have reported that the inhibition of mitochondrial respiration by nitric oxide (NO) leads to an up-regulation of glycolysis and affords cytoprotection against energy failure through the stimulation of AMPK (5'-AMP-activated protein kinase) [Almeida, Moncada and Bolanos (2004) Nat. Cell Biol. 6, 45-51]. To determine whether glucose transport contributes specifically to this effect, we have now investigated the possible role of NO in modulating glucose uptake through GLUT3, a facilitative high-affinity glucose carrier that has been suggested to afford cytoprotection against hypoglycaemic episodes. To do so, GLUT3-lacking HEK-293T cells (human embryonic kidney 293T cells) were transformed to express a plasmid construction encoding green fluorescent protein-tagged GLUT3 cDNA. This carrier was preferentially localized to the plasma membrane, was seen to be functionally active and afforded cytoprotection against low glucose-induced apoptotic death. Inhibition of mitochondrial respiration by NO triggered a rapid, cGMP-independent enhancement of GLUT3-mediated glucose uptake through a mechanism that did not involve transporter translocation. Furthermore, the functional disruption of AMPK by the RNA interference strategy rendered cells unable to respond to NO by activating GLUT3-mediated glucose uptake. These results suggest that the inhibition of mitochondrial respiration by NO activates AMPK to stimulate glucose uptake, thereby representing a novel survival pathway during pathophysiological conditions involving transient reductions in the supply of cellular glucose.

PMID:
15320870
PMCID:
PMC1134149
DOI:
10.1042/BJ20040886
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center