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Cell Physiol Biochem. 2004;14(4-6):261-8.

Expression of telomerase extends longevity and enhances differentiation in human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells.

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1
Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Korea.

Abstract

Human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) are defined as pluripotent progenitor cells with the ability to differentiate into osteoblasts, chondrochytes, adipocytes, muscle cells, and neural cells. Recently, it has been shown that telomerase expression not only extends the replicative life-span and maintains their bone-forming capability of hBMSCs. We previously reported that human adipose tissue stromal cells (hATSCs) have similar characteristics with hBMSCs. In this study, hATSCs were stably tranduced by a retrovirus containing the gene for the catalytic subunit of human telomerase (hTERT) and MSCV-neo retrovirus, and 12 clones for hTERT-hATSCs and 6 clones for MSCV-hATSCs were isolated. The tranduced clones (hATSC-TERTs) had high telomerase activity, which was maintained during subsequent subcultivation. The transduced cells of two representative clones have undergone more than 100 population doublings (PD) and continue to proliferate, whereas control cells underwent senescence-associated proliferation arrest after 36-40 PD. The cells had a normal karyotype, and increased differentiation potential, especially osteogenic lineage. Intraventricular injection of hATSC-TERTs in ischemic rat brain showed enhancement of functional recovery as like hATSC-MSCVs. The tissue engraftment of hATSCs and hTERT-hATSCs in NOD/SCID mice after intravenous administration was identical. These results further support a similarity between hBMSCs and hATSCs. hATSCs can be used as an alternative of pluripotent stromal cells for cell replacement therapy as like hBMSCs.

PMID:
15319529
DOI:
10.1159/000080335
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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