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Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2004 Oct;24(10):1963-9. Epub 2004 Aug 19.

PI3K-Akt pathway suppresses coagulation and inflammation in endotoxemic mice.

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  • 1Department of Immunology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, Calif 92037, USA.



In endotoxemia, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces a systemic inflammatory response and intravascular coagulation. Monocytes orchestrate the innate immune response to LPS by expressing a variety of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and the procoagulant molecule, tissue factor (TF). In this study, we analyzed the role of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway in the activation of coagulation and the innate immune response in a mouse model of endotoxemia.


Wortmannin and LY294002 were used to inhibit the PI3K-Akt pathway. We found that wortmannin inhibited LPS-induced Akt phosphorylation in blood cells. Inhibition of the PI3K-Akt pathway significantly increased TF mRNA expression in blood cells, TF antigen, and thrombin-antithrombin III levels in the plasma, and fibrin deposition in the liver of endotoxemic mice. Inhibition of the PI3K-Akt pathway also strongly enhanced LPS-induced cytokine expression and the levels of soluble E-selectin in the plasma, suggesting enhanced activation of both monocytes and endothelial cells. Wortmannin treatment also increased the number of macrophages in the liver and kidney of endotoxemic mice. Finally, wortmannin and LY294002 dramatically reduced the survival time of endotoxemic mice.


These data suggest that the PI3K-Akt pathway suppresses LPS-induced inflammation and coagulation in endotoxemic mice.

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