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Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004 Sep 1;114(3):660-7.

Ruby laser treatment of congenital melanocytic nevi: a review of the literature and report of our own experience.

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Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Hand Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.


The authors describe the possibilities and advantages of ruby laser treatment of large congenital nevi as an alternative to surgical excision. The literature (from 1980 to 2002) is reviewed and a case report is presented. Literature and the authors' experience show good cosmetic results after ruby laser treatment. Skin texture is improved and there is a considerable reduction in pigmentation and unsightly hair growth. Ruby laser treatment does not result in scarring, mutilation, or functional impairments, in contrast to surgical treatment. Only short outpatient sessions are required, recovery periods are extremely short, and no rehabilitation period is needed. No malignant changes have been reported after treatment with the ruby laser, even after 8 years of follow-up. The results imply that ruby laser treatment could be a valuable new treatment modality for large congenital nevi. It should be considered when patients refuse to undergo surgery, or when surgery would cause severe morbidity. More research should be initiated to assess possible risks and long-term results.

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