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J Bacteriol. 2004 Sep;186(17):5640-8.

Bacillus subtilis LmrA is a repressor of the lmrAB and yxaGH operons: identification of its binding site and functional analysis of lmrB and yxaGH.

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Department of Biotechnology, Fukuyama University, Fukuyama, Hiroshima, Japan.


The Bacillus subtilis lmrAB operon is involved in multidrug resistance. LmrA is a repressor of its own operon, while LmrB acts as a multidrug efflux transporter. LmrA was produced in Escherichia coli cells and was shown to bind to the lmr promoter region, in which an LmrA-binding site was identified. Genome-wide screening involving DNA microarray analysis allowed us to conclude that LmrA also repressed yxaGH, which was not likely to contribute to the multidrug resistance. LmrA bound to a putative yxaGH promoter region, in which two tandem LmrA-binding sites were identified. The LmrA regulon was thus determined to comprise lmrAB and yxaGH. All three LmrA-binding sites contained an 18-bp consensus sequence, TAGACCRKTCWMTATAWT, which could play an important role in LmrA binding.

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