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J Biol Chem. 1992 Mar 5;267(7):4376-85.

Analysis of the tissue-specific distribution of mRNAs encoding the plasma membrane calcium-pumping ATPases and characterization of an alternately spliced form of PMCA4 at the cDNA and genomic levels.

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  • 1Department of Psychobiology, University of California, Irvine 92717.


The plasma membrane Ca(2+)-pumping ATPase (Ca(2+)-ATPase) mRNAs are encoded on four different genes designated PMCA1-PMCA4. The primary transcripts from some of these genes are known to be alternately spliced in the region encoding the regulatory domains of the enzymes. The known alternately spliced forms of these Ca(2+)-ATPase mRNAs and a new spliced variant of PMCA4 (PMCA4b), presented here, represent at least nine different mRNAs encoding the Ca(2+)-ATPases. In this report, the examination of the tissue-specific distribution of these alternately spliced mRNAs using polymerase chain reaction amplification of cDNA coupled with Southern blotting revealed that each spliced variant had a unique tissue distribution. PMCA1b and PMCA4a were present in all tissues examined. PMCA1a, PMCA1b, and PMCA4b were expressed in excitable tissues, whereas PMCA1d was expressed only in muscle tissues. PMCA2 was found in liver, adrenal gland, spinal cord, and brain. PMCA3a was present in spinal cord, and PMCA3b in thymus, adrenal gland, spinal cord, and brain. The mRNA for a new spliced variant of PMCA4 (PMCA4b) was detected in this study. Complementary DNAs for this isoform were isolated and characterized from human and bovine brain. This alternately spliced form of the PMCA4 mRNA contained an exon inserted at the splice junction immediately following the sequence encoding the calmodulin-binding domain. As has also been shown for PMCA1a, this insertion produced a shift in the reading frame at the 3'-end of the PMCA4 mRNA that yielded a sequence encoding a Ca(2+)-ATPase lacking a large portion of the C-terminal regulatory domain. When the human PMCA4 gene spanning this region of variable exon splicing was sequenced, it confirmed the intron-exon boundaries where alternate splicing occurs to produce PMCA4a and PMCA4b.

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