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J Biol Chem. 2004 Oct 22;279(43):45155-61. Epub 2004 Aug 16.

Interaction between altered insulin and lipid metabolism in CEACAM1-inactive transgenic mice.

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Departments of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo, Ohio 43614, USA.


Inactivation of CEACAM1 in L-SACC1 mice by a dominant-negative transgene in liver impairs insulin clearance and increases serum free fatty acid (FFA) levels, resulting in insulin resistance. The contribution of elevated FFAs in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance is herein investigated. Treatment of L-SACC1 female mice with carnitine restored plasma FFA content. Concomitantly, it normalized insulin levels without directly regulating receptor-mediated insulin internalization and prevented glucose tolerance in these mice. Similarly, treatment with nicotinic acid, a lipolysis inhibitor, restored insulin-stimulated receptor uptake in L-SACC1 mice. Taken together, these data suggest that chronic elevation in plasma FFAs levels contributes to the regulation of insulin metabolism and action in L-SACC1 mice.

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