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Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2004 Sep;83(9):735-45.

Comprehensive therapeutic benefits of Taiji: a critical review.

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D'Youville College, Buffalo, New York 14201, USA.


This literature review offers physical rehabilitation professionals an update on the current breadth and strength of research evidence regarding comprehensive therapeutic benefits of Taiji practice. A critical analysis distinguishes between what is known from controlled clinical research and what is suggested in preliminary research. Of >200 published reports examined, 17 controlled clinical trials were judged to meet a high standard of methodological rigor. Controlled research evidence was found to confirm therapeutic benefits of Taiji practice with regard to improving quality of life, physical function including activity tolerance and cardiovascular function, pain management, balance and risk of falls reduction, enhancing immune response, and improving flexibility, strength, and kinesthetic sense. Preliminary research on implementation feasibility of Taiji programming exists for a variety of clinical populations. Further controlled clinical study is justified for a wide variety of clinical contexts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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