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J Mol Biol. 2004 Sep 3;342(1):207-17.

Structural evidence for direct hydride transfer from NADH to cytochrome P450nor.

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Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, 113-8657, Japan.


Nitric oxide reductase cytochrome P450nor catalyzes an unusual reaction, direct electron transfer from NAD(P)H to bound heme. Here, we succeeded in determining the crystal structure of P450nor in a complex with an NADH analogue, nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide, which provides conclusive evidence for the mechanism of the unprecedented electron transfer. Comparison of the structure with those of dinucleotide-free forms revealed a global conformational change accompanied by intriguing local movements caused by the binding of the pyridine nucleotide. Arg64 and Arg174 fix the pyrophosphate moiety upon the dinucleotide binding. Stereo-selective hydride transfer from NADH to NO-bound heme was suggested from the structure, the nicotinic acid ring being fixed near the heme by the conserved Thr residue in the I-helix and the upward-shifted propionate side-chain of the heme. A proton channel near the NADH channel is formed upon the dinucleotide binding, which should direct continuous transfer of the hydride and proton. A salt-bridge network (Glu71-Arg64-Asp88) was shown to be crucial for a high catalytic turnover.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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