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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2004 Nov;36(11):2105-11.

The CD5+ B-cell.

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S. C. Oncologia Medica C, Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, IST, L.go Rosanna Benzi, n. 10, 16132 Genova, Italy.


In the last two decades, many efforts have been made to better understand the biology of B-lymphoproliferative disorders through the knowledge of physiology and function of the postulated normal counterpart. The follicular mantle B-cells express a typical CD23+ IgM+ IgD+ phenotype and surround the germinal center area in secondary lymphoid organs. CD5+ B-cells with FM phenotype can be isolated from different sources and all share similar morphologic, phenotypic and functional features (small cells, scanty nucleus/cytoplasm ratio, unmutated VH genes, response to polyclonal activators but not to T independent antigens, production of "natural" antibodies). While the CD5+ B-cells predominate in fetal life, their number decreases with age. However, the CD5+ B-cells have been demonstrated to increase again in elderly both in man and mouse. This finding may explain the incidence of B-CLL and of MCL that are believed to represent the malignant transformation of the normal CD5+ B-cells, among elderly and middle aged individuals, respectively.

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