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Nitrite toxicity in Indian major carps: sublethal effect on selected enzymes in fingerlings of Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala.

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Fish and Fisheries Unit, Central Rice Research Institute, Cuttack, Orissa 753006, India.


The effects of 96-h sublethal exposure of nitrite (1, 2, 4, 8 and 10.4 mg l(-1)) on selected enzymatic activities in serum and tissues of fingerlings of catla (Catla catla), rohu (Labeo rohita) and mrigal (Cirrhinus mrigala) were studied for the first time in these species. All three species responded almost identically to nitrite exposure. With increasing nitrite concentration, reduction in activities was observed in acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in brain and liver; alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in serum, brain and gill; and acid phosphatase (ACP) in gill, while progressive increase in alanine aminotransferase (ALAT) and aspartate aminotransferase (ASAT) activities in brain, gill and serum, and ACP activity in serum and brain was observed. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity increased in gill, liver, kidney, brain and serum of all three species with increasing nitrite concentration up to 8 mg l(-1) followed by reduction at 10.4 mg l(-1). The study revealed nitrite stress causing alteration in activities of all measured tissue and serum enzymes in the fingerlings, and so stresses the need for proper management of this particular nutrient in water during carp culture.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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