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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2004 Sep 15;429(2):198-203.

Alteration of sugar donor specificities of plant glycosyltransferases by a single point mutation.

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School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kitasato University, 5-9-1 Shirokane, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 108-8641, Japan.


In comparison with the amino acid sequences of seven species of glucosyltransferases and six species of galactosyltransferases, glutamine and histidine are highly conserved as the last amino acid residue of a glycosyltransferase-specific conserved region (UDPGT) in glucosyltransferases and galactosyltransferases, respectively. Consequently, the sugar donor specificities of glycosyltransferases are successfully altered by a single amino acid point mutation. UDP-galactose:anthocyanin galactosyltransferase (ACGaT), isolated from Aralia cordata, acquired glucosyltransferase activity in addition to the inherent galactosyltransferase activity by replacing histidine with glutamine. In contrast, UDP-glucose:flavonoid glucosyltransferase (UBGT), isolated from Scutellaria baicalensis, did not acquire galactosyltransferase activity by replacing glutamine with histidine, and exhibited a remarkable decrease in glucosyltransferase activity.

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