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Immunogenetics. 1992;35(2):75-88.

Sequence and diversity of rhesus monkey T-cell receptor beta chain genes.

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Harvard Medical School, New England Regional Primate Research Center, Southborough, MA 01772.


We have sequenced 23 rearranged T-cell receptor beta chain (Tcrb) cDNA clones derived from peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) of a rhesus monkey. All of the clones have a variable-diversity-joining-constant (V-D-J-C) rearrangement similar to that of humans. Two rhesus constant (C) region genes were found, each closely resembling human Cb 1 and 2. All of the rhesus J region sequences align well with ten of the 13 reported human J regions. 17 of the 23 rhesus V region sequences could be assigned to families homologous with eight different human families (Vb 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, and 14). The remaining six V region sequences are more distantly related to human Vb 1 and 13. Thus, the organization and sequences of studied rhesus Tcrb chains resemble human homologs. An evolutionary tree analysis revealed paralogous relationships between specific members of the rhesus and human V region families. Analysis of synonymous and nonsynonymous nucleotide sequence differences indicated that the evolution of the presumed major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-contact regions of the Tcrb chains is less constrained than that of the framework regions.

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