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Can J Anaesth. 2004 Aug-Sep;51(7):723-7.

Alveolar recruitment improves ventilatory efficiency of the lungs during anesthesia.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital Privado de Comunidad, Mar del Plata, Argentina. gtusman@hotmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The goal of this study was to analyze the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), with and without a lung recruitment maneuver, on dead space.

METHODS:

16 anesthetized patients were sequentially studied in three steps: 1) without PEEP (ZEEP), 2) with 5 cm H(2)O of PEEP and 3) with 5 cm H(2)O of PEEP after an alveolar recruitment strategy (ARS). Ventilation was maintained constant. The single breath test of CO(2) (SBT-CO(2)), arterial oxygenation, end-expiratory lung volume (EELV) and respiratory compliance were recorded every 30 min.

RESULTS:

Physiological dead space to tidal volume decreased after ARS (0.45 +/- 0.01) compared with ZEEP (0.50 +/- 0.07, P < 0.05) and PEEP (0.51 +/- 0.06, P < 0.05). The elimination of CO(2) per breath increased during PEEP (25 +/- 3.3 mL.min(-1)) and ARS (27 +/- 3.2 mL.min(-1)) compared to ZEEP (23 +/- 2.6 mL.min(-1), P < 0.05), although ARS showed larger values than PEEP (P < 0.05). Pa-etCO(2) difference was lower after recruitment (0.9 +/- 0.5 kPa, P < 0.05) compared to ZEEP (1.1 +/- 0.5 kPa) and PEEP (1.2 +/- 0.5 kPa). Slope II increased after ARS (63 +/- 11%/L, P < 0.05) compared with ZEEP (46 +/- 7.7%/L) and PEEP (56 +/- 10%/L). Slope III decreased significantly after recruitment (0.13 +/- 0.07 1/L) compared with ZEEP (0.21 +/- 0.11 1/L) and PEEP (0.18 +/- 0.10 1/L). The angle between slope II and III decreased only after ARS. After lung recruitment, PaO(2), EELV, and compliance increased significantly compared with ZEEP and PEEP.

CONCLUSION:

Lung recruitment improved the efficiency of ventilation in anesthetized patients.

Comment in

PMID:
15310643
DOI:
10.1007/BF03018433
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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