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Am J Sports Med. 2004 Sep;32(6):1459-65. Epub 2004 Jul 20.

A prospective video-based analysis of injury situations in elite male football: football incident analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Therapy, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. arnarna@hi.is

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The mechanisms for football injuries are largely unknown.

AIM:

To describe the characteristics of injury situations in elite male football using a video-based method called football incident analysis.

STUDY DESIGN:

Prospective cohort study.

METHODS:

During the 1999 season, videotapes from 52 matches in the Icelandic elite football league were reviewed. Incidents (N = 95) were recorded when the match was interrupted by the referee because of a suspected injury. Team physical therapists recorded injuries prospectively (N = 28 time-loss injuries).

RESULTS:

Duels caused 84 of the incidents, mostly tackling duels (n = 54). The exposed player's attention appeared to be focused away from the opponent in 93% of the cases. The 3 main mechanisms observed were (1) breakdown attacks, tackling from the side or the front, attention focused on the ball (24%); (2) defensive tackling duels, attention focused on the ball or low ball control (20%); and (3) heading duels, attention focused on the ball in the air (13%).

CONCLUSION:

Most incidents and injuries occurred during breakdown attacks and when a player was involved in tackling duels. Player attention appeared to be focused mainly on the ball, not on the opponent challenging him to gain ball possession.

PMID:
15310571
DOI:
10.1177/0363546504262973
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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