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Dig Dis Sci. 2004 Jun;49(6):914-9.

Plasma and esophageal mucosal levels of vitamin C: role in the pathogenesis and neoplastic progression of Barrett's esophagus.

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Academic Unit of Surgery, Epidemiology and Health Services Research, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, UK.


Antioxidants may protect against the development of esophageal adenocarcinoma. Blood samples and endoscopic biopsies (squamous, Barrett's, and gastric mucosa) were obtained from 48 Barrett's esophagus (BE) patients, while 48 age- and sex-matched controls provided blood samples only. Plasma concentrations of vitamins A, C, and E were measured in all subjects, while vitamin C was measured in relation to the type of mucosa. Plasma total vitamin C level, but not vitamin A or E, was lower in BE patients compared to controls (P = 0.014). Tissue levels of total vitamin C were significantly lower in Barrett's compared with squamous mucosa (P = 0.047). A positive association was observed between plasma vitamin C and dietary intake of vitamin C, while there was an inverse association with alcohol consumption. The lower levels of vitamin C in plasma of BE patients and in Barrett's mucosa compared with squamous mucosa are consistent with oxidative stress being of importance in the pathogenesis and neoplastic progression of BE.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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