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Neuron. 1992 Jan;8(1):159-68.

Tau proteins of Alzheimer paired helical filaments: abnormal phosphorylation of all six brain isoforms.

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Medical Research Council, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, England.


Preparations of dispersed paired helical filaments (PHFs) from the brains of Alzheimer's disease and Down's syndrome patients display on gels three principal bands corresponding to abnormally modified forms of the microtubule-associated protein tau. Interpretation of the pattern is difficult because there are six tau isoforms in normal brain and phosphorylation changes their mobility. By enzymatic dephosphorylation at high temperature, we have shifted the three abnormal bands obtained from dispersed PHFs to align with the six nonphosphorylated tau isoforms. By using antibodies specific for some of the inserts that distinguish the various isoforms and label PHFs, we have established a correspondence between PHFs, abnormal bands, and isoforms. This identification of isoforms is a necessary step in unravelling the molecular pathogenesis of PHFs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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