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J Refract Surg. 2004 Jul-Aug;20(4):307-16.

Wavefront aberrations following laser in situ keratomileusis and refractive lens exchange for hypermetropia.

Author information

1
Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the magnitude of aberrations in eyes after elective hypermetropic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and refractive lens exchange (clear lens replacement).

METHODS:

Forty-nine patients (92 eyes) had hypermetropic LASIK and 28 (48 eyes) had refractive lens exchange; 23 hypermetropic subjects (41 eyes) were the control group. LASIK was performed with the Nidek EC-5000 excimer laser; ablation zones 5.5 to 6.0-mm in diameter with transition zones 7.5 to 8-mm in diameter. For refractive lens exchange, all but four IOLs were made of foldable acrylic. Aberrations and corneal topography were measured with the Nidek OPD-Scan model ARK-10000 more than 12 months after surgery. The higher-order root-mean-square (HORMS) wave aberrations for combined third to sixth Zernike aberration orders and the Zernike spherical aberration coefficient C(0)(4) at both 4.2-mm and 6.0-mm pupil sizes were calculated.

RESULTS:

For the LASIK group, surgical refractive change correlated significantly with total, corneal, and internal HORMS and spherical aberrations (except with internal spherical aberration for a 4.2-mm diameter pupil). For the refractive lens exchange group, there were no significant correlations of surgical refractive change with any of these factors. Similarly, there were no significant correlations of refraction with any of these factors for the control group. For a 3-diopter change in refraction with 6-mm pupils, LASIK doubled the total HORMS aberrations. LASIK changed the sign of spherical aberration from positive to negative by increasing the negative asphericity of the anterior cornea. Taking age differences between groups into account, refractive lens exchange increased the total HORMS aberrations by 40% compared with that of the control group, but this was not statistically significant. However, refractive lens exchange significantly increased total spherical aberration.

CONCLUSION:

Refractive lens exchange was a better refractive procedure than LASIK for minimizing total higher order optical aberrations that accompany hypermetropic refractive surgery.

PMID:
15307391
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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