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Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005 Jan;59(1):82-7.

Female gender and wealth are associated to overweight among adolescents in La Paz, Bolivia.

Author information

1
Nutrition and Child Health Unit, Department of Public Health, Prince Leopold Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, Antwerpen, Belgium. aperezcueto@itg.be

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the prevalence of overweight, obesity and being thin in adolescents of La Paz City, Bolivia.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study, clustered sampling.

SETTING:

La Paz, Bolivia, August-September 2003.

SUBJECTS:

Height and weight of 525 adolescents (mean age 16 y; s.d.+/-1.3) attending public and private schools were measured; sociodemographic characteristics were assessed with a short questionnaire.

RESULTS:

The present study reveals that 9.3% (+/-2.5) of the sample are thin adolescents; 19.8% (+/-3.4) is the overall prevalence of overweight and 2.3% (+/-1.3) the overall prevalence of obesity. The odds of being thin were higher among those working (P=0.03) and among those of higher age (P<0.001). The odds of being overweight were higher among female subjects (P<0.001). The odds of being obese were higher among younger adolescents (P=0.046) and among the more wealthy ones (P=0.044).

CONCLUSIONS:

A large prevalence of 22% overweight/obesity in adolescents from La Paz City was observed. The findings support the need of enhanced nutritional surveillance and interventions particularly in female adolescents.

PMID:
15305181
DOI:
10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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