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J Antibiot (Tokyo). 2004 May;57(5):326-36.

Hydrophobic vancomycin derivatives with improved ADME properties: discovery of telavancin (TD-6424).

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Theravance, Inc., 901 Gateway Blvd., South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.


Novel derivatives of N-decylaminoethylvancomycin (2), containing appended hydrophilic groups were synthesized and their antibacterial activity and ADME properties were evaluated. The compounds were prepared by reacting amines with the C-terminus (C-) of 2 using PyBOP mediated amide formation, or with the resorcinol-like (R-) position of 2 using a Mannich aminomethylation reaction. These analogs retained the antibacterial activity of 2 against methicillin-resistant staphylococci and vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Compounds with a negatively charged auxiliary group also exhibited improved ADME properties relative to 2. In particular, R-phosphonomethylaminomethyl derivative 21 displayed good in vitro antibacterial activity, high urinary recovery and low distribution to liver and kidney tissues. Based on these results, 21 was advanced into development as TD-6424, and is currently in human clinical trials. The generic name telavancin has recently been approved for compound 21.

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