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Trop Gastroenterol. 2004 Jan-Mar;25(1):44-6.

Yield of endoscopy in children with hematemesis.

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  • 1College of Medicine and King Khaled University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


Upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy is an important tool in the evaluation of patients presenting with haematemesis. The objective of this study was to report the yield of this procedure in a Saudi Arabian population. We analysed the result UGI endoscopy in children and adolescents of 0-18 years of age who presented with haematemesis over a period of 10 years. From 1993 to 2003, endoscopy was performed on 60 consecutive children presenting with haematemesis. This group represented 12% of the indications during the same period. The majority (98%) were Saudi nationals, with an age range from 4 days to 18 years, and a male to female ratio of 1:1.5. The overall yield of endoscopy was 75%; however, the yield was higher (91%) in children below 12 years of age. Gastritis was the commonest cause of haematemesis (44%), followed by oesophagitis (36%). However, age-related analysis shows that oesophagitis was a more common cause of haematemesis in the younger age group (45%) than gastritis in adolescents (30%). In contrast, gastritis was more common in older children (56%) than oesophagitis (28%). Peptic ulcer disease and oesophageal varices were seen in only 3 (7%) and 2 children (4.3%), respectively. The overall yield of endoscopy in our patients is similar to that in most reports. However, oesophagitis and gastritis were the commonest causes of haematemesis, whereas oesophageal varices and peptic ulcer disease were much less common.

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