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Circulation. 2004 Aug 24;110(8):969-74. Epub 2004 Aug 9.

Involvement of the serotonin 5-HT2B receptor in cardiac hypertrophy linked to sympathetic stimulation: control of interleukin-6, interleukin-1beta, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha cytokine production by ventricular fibroblasts.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Neurobiologie et de Pharmacologie Cardiovasculaire, INSERM E333, Faculté de médecine, Strasbourg, France.



The serotonergic 5-HT2B receptor regulates cardiomyocyte development and growth. A putative contribution of this receptor to fibroblast-dependent cardiac function has not been identified.


By mimicking sympathetic stimulation with chronic isoproterenol perfusion in vivo, we found that mice developed a cardiac hypertrophy, which was prevented by exposure to the 5-HT2B receptor antagonists SB206553 or SB215505 or in 5-HT2B receptor-knockout mice. The isoproterenol-induced hypertrophy was associated with an increase in the plasma levels of interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha but not interleukin-6. In contrast, the plasma isoproterenol-induced cytokine increase was not observed in either 5-HT2B receptor-mutant or wild-type mice perfused with isoproterenol+SB206553. We demonstrated that stimulation of wild-type cardiac fibroblasts by isoproterenol markedly increased the production of the interleukin-6, interleukin-1beta, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha cytokines. Strikingly, we found that this isoproterenol-induced cytokine production was abolished by SB206553 or in 5-HT2B receptor-knockout fibroblasts. Serotonin also stimulated production of the 3 cytokines in wild-type fibroblasts, which was effectively reduced in 5-HT2B receptor-knockout fibroblasts.


Our results demonstrate for the first time that 5-HT2B receptors are essential for isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy, which involves the regulation of interleukin-6, interleukin-1beta, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha cytokine production by cardiac fibroblasts.

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