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J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2004 Aug;30(4):643-56.

Effects of location, frequency region, and time course of selective attention on auditory scene analysis.

Author information

1
Medical Research Council (MRC) Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom. rhodri.cusack@mrccbu.cam.ac.uk

Abstract

Often, the sound arriving at the ears is a mixture from many different sources, but only 1 is of interest. To assist with selection, the auditory system structures the incoming input into streams, each of which ideally corresponds to a single source. Some authors have argued that this process of streaming is automatic and invariant, but recent evidence suggests it is affected by attention. In Experiments 1 and 2, it is shown that the effect of attention is not a general suppression of streaming on an unattended side of the ascending auditory pathway or in unattended frequency regions. Experiments 3 and 4 investigate the effect on streaming of physical gaps in the sequence and of brief switches in attention away from a sequence. The results demonstrate that after even short gaps or brief switches in attention, streaming is reset. The implications are discussed, and a hierarchical decomposition model is proposed.

PMID:
15301615
DOI:
10.1037/0096-1523.30.4.643
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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