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Hum Exp Toxicol. 2004 Jun;23(6):307-16.

Cryopreserved rat, dog and monkey hepatocytes: measurement of drug metabolizing enzymes in suspensions and cultures.

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1
In Vitro Technologies Inc., 1450 South Rolling Road, Baltimore, MD 21227, USA. hewittn@invitrotech.com

Abstract

Metabolism in fresh and cryopreserved (CP) rat, dog and monkey hepatocyte suspensions and cultures was measured using midazolam (CYP3A), tolbutamide (CYP2C), dextromethorphan (CYP2D) and p-nitrophenol (glucuronosyl S-transferases (UGT), sulphotransferases (ST)). CYP3A, CYP2C9, CYP2D6, UGT and ST enzyme functions in fresh and CP rat, dog and monkey hepatocyte suspensions were retained - CP rat hepatocytes lost some CYP2C activity but this was restored by adding NADPH or by placing the cells in culture, suggesting that the enzyme was still functional. Phase 2 activities were equivalent in fresh and CP hepatocyte suspensions. In some cases, incubation conditions increased the rate of metabolism, possibly reflecting de novo cofactor synthesis. However, this effect was substrate and species dependent and was not always the same in fresh and CP cells. CYP3A, CYP2C, CYP2D, UGT and ST activities at 24 hours of culture of rat and monkey hepatocytes were not compromised by cryopreservation. CYP3A, CYP2D but not CYP2C were lower in 24-hour cultures of CP dog hepatocytes than in fresh cells. Despite being lower than fresh cells, UGT activity in dog CP hepatocytes did not decrease from 0 to 24 hours of culture. Species-specific metabolism of p-nitrophenol could be demonstrated in both CP cell suspensions and cultures. In conclusion, these data suggest that the enzyme characteristics of fresh and CP hepatocytes from each species and under specific incubation conditions should be considered when carrying out metabolism studies of new compounds.

PMID:
15301157
DOI:
10.1191/0960327104ht453oa
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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