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J Endovasc Ther. 2004 Aug;11(4):511-6.

Use of the Parodi Anti-Emboli System and transient subclavian steal for cerebral protection during emergent vertebral artery recanalization.

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Department of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland.



To report the use of the Parodi Anti-Emboli System (PAES) for cerebral protection during emergent vertebral artery recanalization.


A 56-year-old chimney sweep was referred with recurrent episodes of vertigo and gait ataxia. Left vertebral artery (LVA) flow was barely detectable on duplex Doppler, and brain computed tomography revealed a small infarct in the posterior inferior cerebellar artery territory. Angiography showed subtotal ostial stenosis of the LVA with poor distal flow and possible thrombus. Due to a high risk of distal embolization with percutaneous treatment, anticoagulation was initiated, and the lesion was to be re-evaluated in 2 to 3 weeks. However, 2 days later, the patient developed severe, aggravating headache, gait and left-limb ataxia, horizontal nystagmus, and vomiting. Emergent angiography showed a total ostial LVA occlusion. The PAES was employed to elicit a temporary subclavian steal during percutaneous LVA recanalization, thus protecting the brain from embolization. The ostial LVA was successfully recanalized and stented, with immediate symptom cessation.


The PAES can be successfully applied in the subclavian artery to prevent distal embolization during emergent vertebral artery recanalization. Since a significant proportion of vertebral strokes are embolic, PAES may play a novel role in the treatment of acute cerebellar stroke.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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