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Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004 Aug;70(8):4899-905.

Persistence of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis during manufacture and ripening of cheddar cheese.

Author information

1
Agriculture, Food and Environmental Science Division (Food Microbiology Branch), Department of Agriculture and Rural Development for N. Ireland, Newforge Lane, Belfast BT9 5PX, N. Ireland, United Kingdom. john.donaghy@dardni.gov.uk

Abstract

Model Cheddar cheeses were prepared from pasteurized milk artificially contaminated with high 10(4) to 10(5) CFU/ml) and low (10(1) to 10(2) CFU/ml) inocula of three different Mycobacterium paratuberculosis strains. A reference strain, NCTC 8578, and two strains (806PSS and 796PSS) previously isolated from pasteurized milk for retail sale were investigated in this study. The manufactured Cheddar cheeses were similar in pH, salt, moisture, and fat composition to commercial Cheddar. The survival of M. paratuberculosis cells was monitored over a 27-week ripening period by plating homogenized cheese samples onto HEYM agar medium supplemented with the antibiotics vancomycin, amphotericin B, and nalidixic acid without a decontamination step. A concentration effect was observed in M. paratuberculosis numbers between the inoculated milk and the 1-day old cheeses for each strain. For all manufactured cheeses, a slow gradual decrease in M. paratuberculosis CFU in cheese was observed over the ripening period. In all cases where high levels (>3.6 log(10)) of M. paratuberculosis were present in 1-day cheeses, the organism was culturable after the 27-week ripening period. The D values calculated for strains 806PSS, 796PSS, and NCTC 8578 were 107, 96, and 90 days, respectively. At low levels of contamination, M. paratuberculosis was only culturable from 27-week-old cheese spiked with strain 806PSS. M. paratuberculosis was recovered from the whey fraction in 10 of the 12 manufactured cheeses. Up to 4% of the initial M. paratuberculosis load was recovered in the culture-positive whey fractions at either the high or low initial inoculum.

PMID:
15294829
PMCID:
PMC492420
DOI:
10.1128/AEM.70.8.4899-4905.2004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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