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Free Radic Res. 2004 May;38(5):509-16.

Effect of 4-hydroxynonenal on antioxidant capacity and apoptosis induction in Jurkat T cells.

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Department of Physiology, University of Siena, Via A. Moro, 53100 Siena, Italy.


4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE) is one of the major end products of lipid peroxidation and may have either physiological or pathological significance regulating cell proliferation. We studied some biochemical effects of HNE, at various concentrations (0.1-100 microM), on Jurkat T cells incubated thereafter for 24, 48 and 72 h. HNE at low concentrations significantly enhanced the proliferation index, whereas at higher concentrations progressively blocked cell proliferation. Caspase 3 activity increased significantly at HNE concentrations between 1 and 10 microM and decreased at higher concentrations. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and glutathione reductase (GSH-Rd) increased progressively with HNE concentrations, particularly GSH-Px. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) showed a different pattern, increasing at low HNE (1-5 microM) concentrations and rapidly declined thereafter. These results show that HNE may induce growth inhibition of Jurkat T cells and regulate the activity of typical antioxidant enzymes. Furthermore, the protective effect of doubling the foetal calf serum still points out the risk that cultured cells undergo oxidative stress during incubation.

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