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Pharm Res. 2004 Jul;21(7):1094-102.

Rapid characterization of amyloid-beta side-chain oxidation by tandem mass spectrometry and the scoring algorithm for spectral analysis.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.



Amyloid-beta (Abeta) is a self-aggregating protein found in senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain and is thought to play a major role in the disease process. Oxidative stress may be a predominant cause of the formation of these Abeta aggregates. This study aims at identifying possible sites of copper-catalyzed oxidation of Abeta1-40 using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) and scoring algorithm for spectral analysis (SALSA). Traditionally, identification of post-translational modifications by tandem mass spectrometric analysis requires users to inspect manually thousands of MS/MS spectra, which can be a tedious and time-consuming process. With the use of SALSA, users can automatically search for post-translational modifications based on the spacing of the m/z values associated with the ion series of an amino acid sequence.


Abeta1-40 was subjected to copper-catalyzed oxidative stress. LC/MS/MS and SALSA analyses were used to determine the sites of post-translational modification within the tryptic fragments.


Oxidation was found to occur preferentially at the histidine residues Hisl3 and Hisl4 and at the methionine residue (Met35) of Abeta1-40.


The combination of LC/MS/MS and SALSA searches could dramatically improve the efficiency and accuracy of determining the specific sites of oxidation of in vitro, copper-oxidized Abeta1-40 as well as other oxidized proteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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