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Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2004 Apr;73(3-4):249-64.

Invasive and angiogenic phenotype of MCF-7 human breast tumor cells expressing human cyclooxygenase-2.

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Department of Molecular Virology, Immunology, and Medical Genetics, The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Public Health, Columbus. OH 43210, USA.


To evaluate the direct effect of human cyclooxygenase-2 (hCox-2) on human breast tumor cell proliferation, invasion, and angiogenesis, hCox-2 cDNA was transfected into slow growing, non-metastatic MCF-7 human breast tumor cells that express low levels of Cox-2. Two stable transfectant clones, designated MCF-7/hCox-2 clones 8 and 10, had significantly decreased (P < 0.05) doubling time, with two-fold greater number of cells during exponential growth compared to the MCF-7/vector control. Proliferation of both of the MCF-7/hCox-2 clones was significantly inhibited in a time- and dose-dependent manner by celecoxib. The MCF-7/hCox-2 clones 8 and 10 formed larger and greater numbers of colonies in soft agar than the MCF-7/vector control, with a corresponding increased invasion across an artificial Matrigel basement membrane in response to recombinant human epidermal growth factor (hEGF). The MCF-7/hCox-2 clones 8 and 10 had higher mRNA levels of two splice variants of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), V145 and V165. These results demonstrate that hCox-2 directly increases breast tumor cell proliferation, stimulates invasion across a basement membrane, and induces synthesis of specific heparin binding splice variants of VEGF.

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