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Int J Oncol. 2004 Sep;25(3):631-9.

Thiazolidinedione, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma ligand, inhibits growth and metastasis of HT-29 human colon cancer cells through differentiation-promoting effects.

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  • 1Department of Surgical Oncology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-0934, Japan.


Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) ligands inhibit the growth of PPAR-gamma expressing cancer cells through terminal differentiation. However, there are few studies examining the effect of a PPAR-gamma ligand on metastatic potential of cancer cells in an animal model and the underlying molecular mechanisms. We have recently developed a rectal cancer xenograft animal model in which anti-tumor and anti-metastatic efficacy of agents can be evaluated. This study was designed to examine whether a representative PPAR-gamma ligand, thiazolidinedione (TZD), could inhibit growth and metastasis of PPAR-gamma positive HT-29 human colon cancer cells through the induction of terminal differentiation. TZD caused G1 arrest in association with a marked increase in p21Waf-1, Drg-1, and E-cadherin expression. In untreated cancer cells, fluorescence immunostaining demonstrated beta-catenin in the nucleus and/or cytoplasm; in TZD-treated cancer cells, beta-catenin localization shifted to the plasma membrane, in association with increased E-cadherin at this site and reduced tyrosine phosphorylation of beta-catenin. In addition, TZD completely inhibited lymph node and lung metastases in the xenograft animal model, and TZD inhibited growth of primary xenografts by 40%. These results suggest that TZD can function as a cytostatic anti-cancer agent to inhibit growth and metastasis of HT-29 colon cancer cells through differentiation-promoting effects. These effects involve not only modulation of the E-cadherin/beta-catenin system, but also up-regulation of Drg-1 gene expression.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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