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Oncol Rep. 2004 Sep;12(3):517-21.

Differential effects of raloxifene and tamoxifen on the expression of estrogen receptors and antigen Ki-67 in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line.

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Department of Pathology, Medical University of Bialystok, Waszyngtona 13, 15-269 Bialystok, Poland.


Tamoxifen and raloxifene are widely used in clinical practice. It has been found that tamoxifen treatment increases the risk of development of endometrial cancer. The effects of tamoxifen and raloxifene on endometrium might be caused by different estrogen receptor expression. The aim of the present study was immunohistochemical evaluation of the effects of tamoxifen and raloxifene on estrogen receptors, and Ki-67 antigen expression in the human endometrial adenocarcinoma Ishikawa cell line. Tamoxifen in concentrations of 10 microM and 20 microM increased ERalpha expression without any effect on ERbeta. All used concentrations of tamoxifen and raloxifene (0.1 nM, 1 nM, 10 nM, 1 micro M, 10 microM and 20 microM) had no effect on expression of ERbeta. Tamoxifen, but not raloxifene, increased Ki-67 antigen expression in the Ishikawa cell line. Tamoxifen, in contrast to raloxifene, increased proliferation of endometrial adenocarcinoma cells as well as exerted the shift of ERalpha/ERbeta ratio. Thus, it could be responsible for increased carcinogenic effect during tamoxifen treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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