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Br J Pharmacol. 2004 Sep;143(1):166-78. Epub 2004 Aug 2.

Novel diacylglycerol kinase inhibitor selectively suppressed an U46619-induced enhancement of mouse portal vein contraction under high glucose conditions.

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Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Showa University, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555 Japan.


1. Diacylglycerol kinase (DG kinase) is a key enzyme in vascular contraction; however, alterations of the regulatory mechanisms in vascular dysfunction are poorly understood. In this study, the effect of a novel DG kinase inhibitor, stemphone, on vascular contraction was investigated. 2. The conventional DG kinase inhibitor, 6-[2-(4-[(4-fluorophenyl)phenyl-methylene]-1-piperidinyl)ethyl]-7-methyl-5H-thiazolo [3,2-alpha] pyrimidine-5-one (R59022) (0.1-30 microm), inhibited thromboxane A(2) analogue 9,11-dideoxy-11alpha,9alpha-epoxymethanoprostaglandin F(2alpha) (U46619)-induced sustained contractions in mouse aorta and porcine coronary artery in a dose-dependent manner. Treatment with stemphone did not affect contractions in these tissues. However, stemphone significantly inhibited (>0.3 microm) U46619-induced spontaneous phasic contraction in mouse portal vein. This inhibitory effect was not detected following R59022 treatment in portal vein. Therefore, stemphone demonstrated selectivity in terms of portal vein contraction. 3. Under high glucose (22.2 mm) conditions, U46619-induced contraction was enhanced in these three types of vascular tissue. Inhibitory effects of R59022 were attenuated under these conditions; however, effects of stemphone were observed. These results indicated that stemphone could inhibit portal vein contraction under high glucose conditions, for example, diabetes. These data suggested the possibility that DG kinase may be a target of hyperportal pressure. 4. Total mass of DG was enhanced under high glucose conditions. DG was derived from incorporated glucose via de novo synthesis in the absence of phospholipase C pathway mediation. This enhanced DG under high glucose conditions activated a calcium-independent protein kinase C (PKC). This PKC was associated with calcium-independent DG kinase activation. Treatment with stemphone also inhibited calcium-independent DG kinase. These signal transduction pathways were distinguishable from a DG-PKC pathway under normal glucose conditions. 5. The present investigation suggested that stemphone selectively inhibited overcontraction of portal vein induced by high glucose levels. This phenomenon was attributable to inhibition of calcium-independent DG kinase activation that occurred under high glucose conditions mediated by both DG synthesized from glucose and calcium-independent PKC activation.

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