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Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Aug;158(8):737-41.

Prevalence of school bullying in Korean middle school students.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Hallym University, Anyang, South Korea. kimy02@berkeley.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

School bullying is the most common type of school violence. Victimization by or perpetration of school bullying has frequently been associated with a broad spectrum of behavioral, emotional, and social problems.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the prevalence and demographic characteristics of victims, perpetrators, and victim-perpetrators in a Korean middle school sample.

METHODS:

We evaluated 1756 middle school students in this cross-sectional study. Students provided demographic information and completed the Korean-Peer Nomination Inventory. Descriptive statistics and the Pearson chi(2) test were used.

RESULTS:

We found that 40% of all children participated in school bullying. By category, the prevalence of victims, perpetrators, and victim-perpetrators was 14%, 17%, and 9%, respectively. The most common subtypes of victimization were exclusion (23%), verbal abuse (22%), physical abuse (16%), and coercion (20%). Boys were more commonly involved in both school bullying and all 4 types of victimization. The prevalence of bullying was greater in students with either high or low socioeconomic status and in nonintact families.

CONCLUSIONS:

School bullying is highly prevalent in Korean middle school students. Demographic characteristics can help identify students at greater risk for participation in school bullying.

PMID:
15289244
DOI:
10.1001/archpedi.158.8.737
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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