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Vet Microbiol. 2004 Aug 19;102(1-2):25-32.

Comparison of methods for antimicrobial susceptibility testing and MIC values for pleuromutilin drugs for Brachyspira hyodysenteriae isolated in Germany.

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Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Institute for Microbiology, Bischofsholer Damm 15, 30173, Germany.


In Germany treatment of swine dysentery is hampered by Brachyspira hyodysenteriae strains showing elevated MIC values to the few antibiotics licensed. Therefore, susceptibility testing of clinical isolates is an important service to the swine practitioner. This study compares the established agar dilution procedure for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of this fastidious anaerobe to the broth microdilution test newly developed [Anim. Health Res. 2 (2001) 59; Vet. Microbiol. 84 (2002) 123; J. Clin. Microbiol. 41 (2003) 2596]. A total of 221 isolates were examined twice with either test procedure using tiamulin and valnemulin as antibiotics. Both methods gave reproducible results, and the MIC values for the reference strains B. hyodysenteriae B204 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213 corresponded to previously published data. However, the results for individual strains differed significantly for both tests (P < 0.001) with MIC values being on average one dilution step lower in the broth dilution method. The 221 strains used for comparing test procedures were isolated between 1989 and 2001. An additional 102 strains isolated in 2002 were tested only with the broth dilution procedure. A significant rise in the average MIC value for both pleuromutilins could be demonstrated when comparing earlier isolates to those from 2000 to 2001 (P < 0.05), while in 2002 the average MIC significantly decreased when compared to the value in 2000 (P < 0.05). However, strains with MIC values for tiamulin as high as 8 microg/ml (broth dilution) could still be isolated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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