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Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2004 Sep;19(6):759-67.

Speed and memory in the WAIS-III Digit Symbol--Coding subtest across the adult lifespan.

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1
Albertus Magnus College, 700 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA. joy@laurel.albertus.edu

Abstract

The primary role of speed in determining Digit Symbol scores is well established. Among the important questions that remain to be resolved are: (1) whether speed accounts for all of the age-related decline in Digit Symbol scores, and (2) whether memory ability makes any significant contribution to Digit Symbol performance, especially after controlling for speed. We analyzed data from the WAIS-III/WMS-III standardization sample to resolve these issues. As expected, speed (Digit Symbol-Copy) correlated very strongly with Digit Symbol--Coding. Memory (Digit Symbol--Incidental Learning or WMS-III index scores) correlated more moderately with Digit Symbol-Coding. Even after controlling for variance in Coding explained by Copying, a statistically significant proportion of the residual variance was explicable in terms of memory functions. The contribution of memory to Digit Symbol--Coding, while relatively small, is real. In addition, a small portion of the age-associated decline in Coding scores cannot be accounted for by Copying scores.

PMID:
15288329
DOI:
10.1016/j.acn.2003.09.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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