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Arch Pediatr. 2004 Aug;11(8):903-7.

[Treatment of acute diarrhea: prescription patterns by private practice pediatricians].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Unité de gastroentérologie, hépatologie et nutrition, clinique de pédiatrie, hôpital Jeanne-de-Flandre, faculté de médecine, 1, place de Verdun, 59037 Lille cedex, France.

Abstract

Acute gastroenteritis remains a frequent illness in infants and children with still important morbidity and mortality rates. Oral rehydratation solutions (ORS) and early refeeding are the main recommendations. Indication of drugs remains limited.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the management of acute diarrhea by private practice pediatricians of France.

METHODS:

A questionnaire concerning ORS, dietary formula, antidiarrheal diet, antibiotherapy, antidiarrheal drugs was sent to all 2907 private pediatricians of France.

RESULTS:

Six hundred twenty-nine questionnaires were analyzed (22%). Three hundred and ninety-seven pediatricians (63%) prescribed systematically an ORS, 294 (47%) changed formula, 412 (66%) prescribed a regimen. Antibiotic was prescribed after coproculture (81%), when glairy and bloody diarrhea (65%), associated infectious disease (63%), toxi-infectious syndrome (42%) or immunodeficiency were present (28%). Most pediatricians (97%) prescribed at least one drug: diosmectite (84%), Lactobacillus acidophilus (63%), Saccharomyces boulardii (62%), racecadotril (62%), loperamide (28%), attapulgite de Mormoiron (26%), nifuroxazide (20%). Drugs were prescribed more often for their effectiveness than for comfort.

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrates the discrepancies that remain between recommendations and practical care in the treatment of acute diarrhea in children. Private French pediatricians often prescribe drugs.

PMID:
15288079
DOI:
10.1016/j.arcped.2004.04.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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