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Biochemistry. 2004 Aug 10;43(31):10265-76.

Mutational analysis of protein splicing, cleavage, and self-association reactions mediated by the naturally split Ssp DnaE intein.

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New England Biolabs, Inc., Beverly, Massachusetts 01915-5599, USA.


The ability to separately purify the naturally split Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 (Ssp) DnaE intein domains has allowed detailed examination of both universal and Ssp DnaE intein-specific steps in the protein splicing pathway. By engineering substitutions at both the +1 and penultimate intein positions, we have further characterized intein reaction kinetics in this system. Replacement of the crucial +1Cys with serine decreased N-terminal cleavage and trans-splicing rates; however, this substitution did not prevent splicing or the ability of ZnCl2 to inhibit it. Substitution of the penultimate intein residue (alanine) with a typically conserved histidine did not increase the rate or extent of trans-splicing or cleavage under typical assay conditions. Despite the observation that this histidine aids in asparagine cyclization for other inteins, it did not encourage C-terminal cleavage for the Ssp DnaE intein or uncouple it from N-terminal cleavage. Both the +1Ser and Ala to His mutants were insensitive to ZnCl2 during trans-cleavage experiments, uncoupling a previously linked inhibition in asparagine cyclization from an inhibition in trans-thioesterification detected for the wild-type intein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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