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J Gerontol Nurs. 2004 Jul;30(7):25-32.

Multicultural medication adherence: a comparative study.

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Clinical Trials Unit, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford 06106, USA.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of several interventions on improving medication adherence among White, Black, and Hispanic older women. A total of 109 women older than age 65 who were participating in a clinical osteoporosis trial were recruited for this 12-month study examining medication adherence. After baseline medication adherence was assessed, participants underwent standardized teaching. Participants were contacted monthly by telephone and were seen in a clinic setting every 3 months. All participants used a pillbox for 6 months, and the minority women used an electronic monitoring bottle for 6 months. Adherence was highest in White women. Black women showed significant improvement in adherence at 9 and 12 months, and Hispanic women demonstrated a significant increase in adherence at 12 months. The use of electronic monitors had a positive effect on adherence for the minority women.

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