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Head Neck. 2004 Aug;26(8):660-74.

The National Cancer Data Base report on squamous cell carcinoma of the base of tongue.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Oncology and Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 987521 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska 68198-7521, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study provides the largest contemporary overview of presentation, care, and outcome for base of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).

METHODS:

We extracted 16,188 cases from the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB). Chi-square analyses were performed on selected cross-tabulations. Observed and disease-specific survival were used to analyze outcome.

RESULTS:

Three-quarters had advanced-stage (III-IV) disease. Radiation therapy alone (24.5%) and combined with surgery (26.9%) were the most common treatments. Five-year observed and disease-specific survival rates were 27.8% and 40.3%, respectively. Poorer survival was significantly associated with older age, low income, and advanced-stage disease. For early-stage disease, surgery with or without irradiation had higher survival than irradiation alone. For advanced-stage disease, surgery with irradiation had the highest survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

Survival rates were low for base of tongue SCC, with most deaths occurring within the first 2 years. Income, stage, and age were significant prognostic factors. In this nonrandomized series, surgery with radiation therapy offered patients with advanced-stage disease the best survival.

PMID:
15287033
DOI:
10.1002/hed.20064
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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