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J Clin Oncol. 2004 Aug 1;22(15):3133-8.

Temozolomide as initial treatment for adults with low-grade oligodendrogliomas or oligoastrocytomas and correlation with chromosome 1p deletions.

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Fédération Neurologique Mazarin, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France.



To determine the response rate of low-grade oligodendroglial tumors (LGOT) to temozolomide (TMZ) as initial treatment and to evaluate the predictive value of chromosome 1p deletion on the radiologic response.


Adult patients with pathologically proven LGOT with progressive disease on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were eligible for the study. TMZ was administered at the starting dose of 200 mg/m2/d for 5 days, repeated every 28 days. Response was evaluated clinically and by central review of MRIs. Chromosome 1p and 19q deletions were detected by the loss of heterozygosity technique.


Sixty consecutive patients were included in the study. At the time of analysis, the median number of TMZ cycles delivered was 11. Clinically, 51% of patients improved, particularly those with uncontrolled epilepsy. The objective radiologic response rate was 31% (17% partial response and 14% minor response), whereas 61% of patients had stable disease and 8% experienced disease progression. The median time to maximum tumor response was 12 months (range, 5 to 20 months). Myelosuppression was the most frequent side effect, with grade 3 to 4 toxicity in 8% of patients. Loss of chromosome 1p was associated with objective tumor response (P < .004).


TMZ is well tolerated and provides a substantial rate of response in LGOT. Chromosome 1p loss is correlated with radiographic response and could be a helpful marker for guiding therapeutic decision making in LGOT.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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